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Slave Ship from: Thomas Clarkson, 1786 "Essay on the Slavery and Commerce of Human Species"
Stringed Musical Instruments, Jamaica, 1707 Hans Sloane, A voyage to the islands Madera, Barbados, Nieves, . . . and islands of America. (London, 1707)
Physical Punishment of Slaves, Hispaniola, late 16th cent. Girolamo Benzoni, Americae pars quinta nobilis & admiratione (Frankfort, 1595), part V, fig.3.
Le Monde Illustré (Paris).This engraving was made from a drawing based on a photograph; it is one of several scenes showing aspects of East African slavery and accompanies an article.
Anon., Saint-Domingue, ou histoire de ses revolutions . . . (Paris, 1815) Illustration shows whites fleeing Cap Francais in St. Domingue, as the slave rebellion of 1793 intensified.
Richard Bridgens, West India Scenery...from sketches taken during a voyage to, and residence of seven years in ... Trinidad (London, 1836), plate 20.
Richard Bridgens, West India Scenery...from sketches taken during a voyage to, and residence of seven years in ... Trinidad (London, 1836), plate 17.
"An Englishman Tastes the Sweat of an African". A copper engraving made in 1725 by Serge Daget, published in a "Handbook for Sea Captains."
"A Spanish planter in Porto Rico, luxuriating in his hammock." Waller, a surgeon in the British Navy, briefly visited Puerto Rico in May 1808.
"To be Sold & Let by Public Auction on Monday the 18th of May, 1829"; names and briefly identifies both men and women. A copy of this poster is located at Wilberforce House, Hull City, Museums and Art Galleries (England).
National Library of Jamaica, Institute of Jamaica, Kingston,Title, "West India Washer Women," shows several women washing clothes in a river; a small child is playing by the riverside.
Henry Bibb, Narrative of the life and adventures of Henry Bibb, an American slave, written by himself.Mr. Young, a Methodist, "was the owner of a large number of slaves
Edmund Ollier, Cassell's History of the United States (London, 1874-77), Vol. 2, p. 493"Slaves Working on a Plantation. To send back to Europe, so that the Europeans could make a porfit".
"Branding a Negress"; shows two European men and a black woman, one of former is branding the latter on the back.
Originally published in London, April 10, 1792. "The Abolition of the Slave Trade, Or the inhumanity of dealers in human flesh exemplified in Captn. Kimber's treatment of a young girl of 15 for her modesty.
"The Barbadoes Mulatto Girl," by Agostino Brunias (1750's) This shows a free woman of color purchasing fruit/vegetables from slave vendors.
Illustration shows the layout of a sugar plantation. Denis Diderot, Encyclopédie . . . (Paris, 1762), vol. 1, plate 1
Leif Svalesen, The Slave Ship Fredensborg, translated by Pat Shaw and Selena Winsnes (Kingston, Jamaica: Ian Randle publishers, 2000), "The Fredensborg II heading for St. Croix with a cargo of slaves."
"Révolte sur un batiment négrier" (Revolt on a slave ship). Based on the account of an old sailor who had participated in the Atlantic slave trade; this illustration, however, is not based on observations, but on artistic imagination.
"A Slave Auction," shows an enslaved mother and her daughter on the auction block; another enslaved mother with infant waiting to be sold; white onlookers and white auctioneer.
"The Destruction of Roehampton Estate in the Parish of St. James in January 1832"; James Hakewill. The plantation was burned during a slave rebellion.
Before the Europeans arrived, Cuba was inhabited by three different cultures: the Ciboneyes, the Guanahatabeyes and the Taínos. They once ruled Cuba before the Spaniards came.
Cassell's Illustrated History of England, . . . 1820-1861 (London: Cassell, Petter, and Galpin, 1863), vol. 3, p. 234, "Scene on a West Indian Plantation--Slaves Receiving the News of Their Emancipation."
Slave Coffle, Western Sudan, 1879-81
Color lithograph by Pretexat Oursel, 19th cent.
Enslaved Africans were held in a ship that was traveling across land in 1827. Painting by Johann Moritz Rugendas, Voyage Pittoresque dans le Bresil. Traduit de l'Allemand (Paris, 1835)