Fandom

Schools Online

Electromagnets and motors

873pages on
this wiki
Add New Page
Talk0 Share

Physics

Everything Waves: Sound

Velocity

Power in physics

Centripetal acceleration

Series circuits

Vectors

Left hand rules

Properties of magnets and motors

Momentum

Newton's Law of Gravitation

Strong Nuclear Force

edit box

Magnetic fields are very important in our world. They are everywhere. In fact did you know that the computer that you are looking into right now contains some magnetic fields? That is true because your computer most likely has a fan in it. The fan will run on a motor, and a motor is basically a device that converts electrical energy into kinetic energy. A basic motor will consist of a magnet and an electromagnet.

The way a motor works with an electromagnet Edit

The way the motor works is that the electromagnet is placed in between two opposite poles of a magnet so that the north pole of the electromagnet will point to the north pole of the magnet. The south pole of the electromagnet will point to the south pole of the magnet. Naturally, the two poles will repel each other, causing the electromagnet to rotating stops after rotating 180º? This is done by doing an electromagnetic flip, in other words, you switch the poles so that they would repel and continue moving. The way the flip works is that the charges on the ends of the electromagnet switch, switching the poles also. This continually happens after every 180º turn to keep the electromagnet spinning. Attached to the electromagnet can be a fan or any device:  LOL :)


Motor-nail-in-horseshoe

Different types of motors Edit

Now we know that magnetic fields make up motors, yet there are different types of motors out there. There are small ones, large ones, strong ones and weak ones. How can we tell how strong a motor is? Well we’re going to have to know a couple things. First we need to know the magnetic field intensity (B). Then we need to know the velocity at what the wire is traveling at (v) and the length of the wire (L). That way we can get the electromotive force, or in other words, the voltage that the motor uses. So EMF = BLv.

EMF=BLv
EMF - electromotive force
B - magnetic field intensity
L - Length of wire
v - velocity of wire

Magnetic fluxEdit

Another way of obtaining electromotive force is by knowing the magnetic flux (Ф), or the number of field lines in a certain area of a magnetic field. Magnetic flux is equal to the magnetic field intensity (B) multiplied by the area of the magnetic field (A).

Ф = B x A
B - magnetic field intensity
A - area of magnetic field

Change in time Edit

The negative ratio of change in magnetic flux to the change in time (t) the current is running is equal to EMF. So EMF = -ΔФ/Δt, or can be simplified as EMF = -Byv, y being the length of the magnetic field.

EMF= -ΔФ/Δt
Ф - magnetic flux
t - time that current runs

or

EMF= -ΔФ/Δt = -ΔBxy/Δt = -By(Δx/Δt)= -Byv
x - width of magnetic field
y - length of magnetic field
v - velocity of wire

Writing help

Ad blocker interference detected!


Wikia is a free-to-use site that makes money from advertising. We have a modified experience for viewers using ad blockers

Wikia is not accessible if you’ve made further modifications. Remove the custom ad blocker rule(s) and the page will load as expected.