Cimarrones were escaped African slaves. These people lived in the mountains. They organized and ruled their own communities in the mountains and would often live their rest of their lives. They were a constant threat to Spanish colonists because they made supply raids on settlers' farms and gave aid to other escaping Africans and Taino.
"If the Maroons had been defeated, meaningful black resistance to the indignity and cruelty of African slavery would have ended--at least for a season--and so even today the cries of the tortured might still have been heard on the plantations, in the dungeons and from myriad village squares across the world."
Colonel Colin Lloyd George Harris, 1992